1.09 Other signals and 1.10 Logic Levels

Let’s cover two sections today:
1.09 Other signals
1.10 Logic Levels

We have been looking at Voltage as a function of time and seeing how it will look on a graph.  The past few days we have talked about graphs that are sine wave.

sinewaveDifferent2

But there could be other ways that this could look too.  Consider if voltage started out at zero and continued to increase.  It would look something like this:

ramp

But it is not possible to increase voltage indefinitely and so the graph would really look like this:  (Ramp with limit)

rampWithLimit

But there are other interesting graphs to.  Consider the case of voltage increasing to a point, and then when it reaches a certain point it goes to zero and then begins again.  Let’s say you have a circuit that triggers at a certain voltage, and a capacitor that you are charging up till that point.  It might looks something like this sawtooth wave:

sawtoothwave

But you can also imagine a case where it reaches a point and decreases at the same linear rate.  This would look like a triangle wave:

trianglewave

And then there is noise, a complex, background static that we always need to consider and usually minimize:

noise

Square waves

squareWave

Steps

step

Spikes

spike

But in digital electronics we concern ourselves with logic levels and interrupting a particular voltage as either a true or a false; as a on or a off; as a 1 or 0.  Most digital electronics have a threshold voltage.  Above that voltage it is considered to be true/on/1.  Below that voltage it is considered to be false/off/0.

LogicLevel

 

 

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